Speaking

Welcome to speaking lessons.

Speaking is the 2nd important skill of the four language skills just after listening. In a majority of languages in the world, learning a language means learning how to understand and speak it. This is because only a minority of the world’s languages are written. Also, written language normally comes after the child is able to speak it. Most children learn to speak their first language well before they go to school. They do so by listening to and interacting with parents, siblings and friends. They listen and they speak. Here are the expressions used for every day communication. They help you learn and practice the skill of speaking English.

 

Functional language

Thanking: Thanks. / Thank you so much. / That’s very kind of you. / You shouldn’t have!

Apologizing: Sorry. / I am terribly sorry. / I do apologize. / I’m afraid… / I’m sorry but…

Requesting: I would like (to)… / Can I (have)…? / Could I…? / Can I speak to…? / Can we (make it)…?

Granting requests: Of course you can. / Here you are. / Go ahead.

Refusing requests: I’m sorry, that’s not allowed here. / I’m sorry but… / I’m afraid…

Inviting: Do you want to (come)….? / Would you like to (come out)…?

Accepting invitations: I’d love to!

Turning down invitations: I’d love to, but…

Offering (help): Can I help? / Do you want me to…? / Would you like (me to)…? Accepting help: Yes please. / That would be lovely.

Refusing help: That’s okay, I think I can manage. / Thanks for the offer, but…

Introducing people: (Hari), this is (Rakesh). / (Ravi) have you met (Raghu)?

Meeting for the first time: Nice to meet you. / Pleased to meet you. / How do you do?

Making arrangements: Let’s make it (12 o’clock). / Why don’t we…? / How about…?

Saying goodbye: Ciao. / Bye. / See you. / Take care. / See you (next week). / Have a good (weekend / week / holiday).

Agreeing: You’re right. / I agree. / Disagreeing: (Sorry, but) I don’t agree. / You could be right, but… / Are you sure (that’s a good idea)?

3 golden rules for effective communication

Here are some easy tips to do it on your own:

1. Improve pronunciation and diction

There are a few tricks for making your local accent more globally understandable.

a. Try making sure that 'air' comes out of your mouth when saying the letters, 'T, P, K' and the sound 'Ch'.
b. Focus on elongating your vowel sounds. This will also automatically slow down your rate of speech.
c. Sing English songs out loud!
d. Watch news shows on channels like BBC.
e. Buy books on pronunciation and language that come with audio cassettes.

2. Brush up your reading and writing skills

a. Believe it or not, you have to Read More!
b. Well-written magazines are great to read not only to improve language skills but also to learn more about the world.
c. In terms of books, read what interests you. The basic goal is to read as much as you can.
There are a lot of good authors who are popular today.
d. People tend to forget basic grammar when writing e-mails. An e-mail is nothing more than a letter which is sent electronically.
e. Make sure salutations and content are professional. Use special phrases when attaching documents. For example, "Please find attached with this e-mail a report on..." This helps you sound professional.

3. Five exercises to practise every day!

i. Pretend you are a newsreader and read out the newspaper to your mirror.
ii. Do not read local newspapers. Focus on national newspapers.
iii. While reading a book, underline all the words you do not know. Look them up in the dictionary.
iv. Make a list of these words, and make sure you use at least five of them in a conversation during the day.
v. Most important, make an effort to speak in English to your friends and family.

 

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